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December 24, 2013

Charter Arms Bulldog No. 14420 44 Special By By Ray Ordorica, Sr Technical Editor, Gun Tests magazine
From the 07-01-2012 Issue of Gun Tests

Model Name:Bulldog
Manufacturer:Charter Arms
Model Number:No. 14420 44 Special

Gun Tests July 2012
With no embellishments, and none needed, the Charter Arms Bulldog was Gun Tests' pick. They liked its tight lockup, slim grip, flat-black finish, and its performance. They'd like even smaller grips for concealment, but fatter ones for heavy loads.

Gun Tests Magazine recently reviewed the Charter Arms Bulldog. Here's what they said:

Many of us like to carry a 38 or 357 snubbie in the pocket as a backup to a larger gun. They’re not a bad selection either, with good loads, some of which (specifically, Buffalo Bore) put out 158-grain bullets at 1000 fps. However, some of us prefer bigger, heavier bullets for self-protection, and for that purpose, enter the Charter Arms Bulldog. For years that model was the only viable small 44 Special, but since the advent of the Bulldog around 1973, S&W came out with a similar five-shot revolver called the Model 296, now dropped from production. The Charter Arms website ( today lists 11 varieties of the 44 Special Bulldog, as well as many other revolvers in 22 LR and 22 Mag., 32 H&R, 38 Spl., 357 Mag, a delightful rimless revolver in 40 S&W that doesn’t need moon clips, and the 44 Specials. For this test we chose the model 14420 standard Bulldog with 2.5-inch barrel and matte-blue finish (MSRP $414).

It is a five-shot conventional revolver, with both SA and DA modes. The gun had excellent DA and SA pulls, which was something of a surprise to our test crew. It had rubber grips and external hammers and shrouded ejector rods. The frame on the Charter was blackened stainless. In light of our recent experiments with firelapping, we measured the gun inside and out and found some surprises and mistakes that were borne out on the targets.

Because it was difficult to obtain factory-loaded 44 Special ammo, we tested with three handloads and three factory loads, one of which showed up on the UPS truck just as we were concluding our chronographing. The handloads were five grains of Bullseye behind a 250-grain Mt. Baldy ( cast Keith bullet, the same powder behind a 240-grain Speer JHP, 7.5 grains of Unique behind the Keith bullet, Black Hills cowboy loads with a 210-grain cast RNFP bullet, Remington 246-grain lead RN, and the late-comer, Speer 200-grain Gold Dot Hollow Points. Here’s what we found.

Charter Arms Bulldog Model 14420 44 Special, $414

This is the latest version of the popular Charter Bulldog. It was evenly finished in matte black, with black-rubber finger-groove grips that fit our hands well. We thought the overall workmanship was very good, with no visible problems anywhere. There were some little touches that we appreciated, like the beveled front edge of the cylinder and the rounded chin of the barrel shroud, and also the angled-rearward front edge of the front sight, all of which make holstering easier and less damaging to a holster — or your pocket if that’s how you carry it. Another touch was the beveled crown that makes the hole in the front of the barrel look that much bigger.

The gun felt a touch on the just-finished side in that all the movements were slightly scratchy, waiting for a little use to smooth them up. We anointed the gun (both guns, actually) with some NanoLube with its tiny round diamonds and worked this in until the gun was smoother. This will happen naturally with normal wear, but we wanted to speed the process. We noted the lockup was dead tight with the hammer and trigger in the firing positions. This beat the Taurus badly, as we found out later.

The Charter website claims there are three lockup points, with an arrow pointing to the front end of the ejector rod. But there is no lock there, just the security of

Gun Tests July 2012
The Charter Bulldog with a set of original wood grips Gun Tests bought on eBay gives a small profile that's ideal for concealment or easiest pocketing. There's a version of the Bulldog without the hammer spur that makes this comparison even closer. The 2.5-inch barrel on the Charter makes it a bit bigger than the 38 Airweight, and it does weigh a bit more, particularly with heavy bullets, but it's their first choice for a backup gun. Downside: Recoil with those wood grips and the heaviest handload was horrendous.
the shroud. (The first iteration of the Bulldog didn’t have a shroud.) However, the lockup was mighty tight with the back of the cylinder secured by the axis pin slipping into a hole in the frame, and the ejector sleeve slipping into a notch in the crane just below the rear of the barrel.

We thought the sight picture was excellent. The front sight is a serrated steel ramp, integral with the steel barrel, and it’s devoid of any red or gold inserts. The rear sight was cut into the frame and was wide and deep enough to give good, fast sighting, far superior to what was on the Taurus. The recessed rear of the rear sight caused it to be in the shadow in most light, which greatly increased the clarity of the sight picture. Those wanting a red front sight can resort to the old standard of nail polish, or if skilled, cut a notch and solder in a brass insert.

The chambers were well polished, but the button-rifled barrel appeared to be quite rough. This gun appeared to be a grand candidate for firelapping, we thought, especially after we saw how our cast-bullet handloads leaded the barrel. That led us to do some measuring. We found the barrel diameter to be 0.4305 inch, with a tight spot at the rifling. The cylinder throats were 0.453, suitably larger than the groove diameter. After most of our accuracy testing we did some modest firelapping, 50 rounds using both NECO and Beartooth products, and succeeded in reducing the tightness at the threads and giving the barrel a great shine that made lead removal much easier. Rechecking most of the ammo previously tried indicated distinct grouping improvement in all cases. For example, the reported average with our 240-grain JHP handload is 3.2 inches. Post-lap groups averaged 2.1 inches. With the Black Hills cowboy loads, average groups went from 2.4 to 2.0 inches. With Speer’s Gold Dot load, they dropped from 3.3 to 2.5 inches. Our reward for our firelap efforts was so good we decided we’ll continue the process at a later date to remove all traces of tightness at the thread area.

The trigger pulls were very good, we thought. The DA pull was smooth and took about 12 pounds. The SA pull was a delight at 3.8 pounds clean. We repaired to the range and began with our jacketed-bullet handload, to maybe slick up the bore a bit. To our consternation, each succeeding group was worse than the last, beginning at 2.5 inches and getting larger from there. We don’t know why this happened, but it went away after the fire lapping process. We switched to our light Keith-bullet load, and our first group was 1 inch for five shots. But the somewhat rough barrel leaded, and the groups got worse. Next was the Black Hills cowboy load, which averaged 2.4 inches, though it struck 4 inches low and 2 inches left. We shot the Speer Gold Dot load, and it struck 5 inches low and gave groups of around 3 inches. Finally, we tried the soft-lead Remington roundnose load of 246 grains, and to our wonder, they went into 1.8 inches. Another group stunned us by making a one-hole cluster that measured 0.7 for five shots, this from a barrel we had not cleaned other than to shoot some jacketed bullets. We would have bet the soft-lead RN bullets would have caked the bore, but it was completely clean. Clearly the Charter will shoot with loads

Gun Tests July 2012
The Charter's hammer had only crosswise serrations, but Gun Tests found them to be entirely adequate. The Bulldog was as easy to cock as the Taurus, the test evaluators said.
that suit it.

The big disappointment was that all these loads developed only 620 to 675 fps, the latter for the Speer Gold Dot hollowpoints. We doubt even the huge cavity of the 200-grain Gold Dots would open at that speed. We fired the Speer Gold Dot load through a 4-inch barrel and got only 695 fps. In desperation we developed our own personal carry load, which uses 7.5 grains of Unique with the 250-grain cast Keith bullet — which does not need to expand — and it came out of the Bulldog at a whopping 870 fps. This load gave us 3-inch groups on average. We fired that load after all the other testing and after our modest firelapping. Slight leading was still there, but we were not too concerned because this batch of bullets was on the soft side. However, leading or not, for self defense we prefer this load over any of the others tried. Be advised, this load is not for those shooters unaccustomed to significant recoil. All the other test loads gave only modest recoil, we thought. We don’t like to use handloads for self defense, but in lieu of anything better we’d choose our handload over any of the other loads tested. Buffalo Bore makes an interesting cast “wadcutter” load for self defense, and it might be another good full-power option to carry in the Bulldog.

The kicker, so to speak, was the Bulldog’s narrow rubber grip tended to twist in our hand from recoil of our heavy handload. The cure will be to get a set of Pachmayr Compac grips, which are fatter but smaller, and we suspect they will be best for this gun. Another good grip replacement would be to get a set of the original wood grips, commonly found on eBay. These do nothing to cut recoil, but do give the gun its smallest and slickest size for better concealment in the pocket. By the way, the trigger guard and grip frame are an aluminum alloy. There is not much need for the strength of steel in those places, and the light metal helps keep the gun’s weight to just 19.6 ounces empty. Shooting our heavy handload made the twisting gun jam our trigger finger into the sharp inner edge of the trigger guard, so we took a file to it, and now it needs a touch of black paint.

Our Team Said: We like the Charter a lot. With our heavy handload it vastly outshines any and all 38 Special or 357 Magnum loads for self-defense use, in our opinion. We don’t recommend shooting heavy loads in this gun all the time, because good practice can be obtained and the gun will surely last longer with lighter target loads. The full load can be reserved for serious carry purposes and will thus do the gun the least long-term damage. With a change of grips and more barrel polishing, this Bulldog will become the backup gun for one of our staff. Much as we liked it, little things nagged at us. There was nothing at all serious, just cosmetic. We found some spots devoid of finish on the recoil shield, and the ejector rod began to unscrew after 20 shots. The slight initial operating roughness would have put a few people off, but we thought it was acceptable. The barrel was not the finest inside, but then, this is not designed as a target pistol. We would have liked a slicker barrel, but that would run the cost up.